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white collar crime statistics canada

0000025129 00000 n � BY(0A���Bִ,iiu��Bya)k��T"cُ}p�1�+�i�6P��7��ֱ�f,�י�t�b�tqH�&���K�]W���E�nM��e�q��AX�]ʫ`�080S���~����uRZ#y4K1�:B�����mH����z�$��[F�� For example, over the course of two years in the early 21st century, annual losses from fraudulent use of identity rose by more than $300 million in the United States. A criminologist says white-collar crime is probably quite common in New Brunswick, but no one is really keeping track of it. The commission does release some information about white-collar wrongdoing. 18, No.4 3 The concept of white collar crime was first introduced by Edwin Sutherland over half a century ago. In addition, corporate liability is a growing threat to the reputation, profit and business image of global corporations. Financial and Consumer Services does not keep track of white-collar crime statistics. "We are only left guessing what the total impact could be because of the lack of information.". 0000001730 00000 n Comments are welcome while open. It gives notice of upcoming public hearings to deal with complaints. 0000028092 00000 n "Yes, there certainly are. Whi… Daniel Bard, whose job was to attract investment to the Moncton, Dieppe and Riverview area, is under investigation for possible breach of trust. said Losier. 0000026577 00000 n The people involved are sometimes willing participants, offshore tax shelters are used to obscure the paper trail, and sometimes people don't even realize a crime has been committed against them. President-elect Joe Biden’s Justice Department is likely to ramp up white-collar crime enforcement, putting Wall Street firms and corporate executives under greater scrutiny. 0000011055 00000 n The criminal penalties for white collar crimes vary. Instead, it has provincial securities commissions that have been captured by local financial and legal establishments, making them ineffectual. Wed., Dec. 7, 2016 … "This is way more complex than your typical armed robbery or burglary," he said. White-collar crime, crime committed by persons who, often by virtue of their occupations, exploit social, economic, or technological power for personal or corporate gain. Even the cases that are detected rarely get aired in public because the parties involved usually try to deal with the matter internally or settle out of court. Many of the alleged offenders are said to have links to the Rebels bikie gang. Why is white collar crime not pursued in Canada? One business owner has told Radio-Canada they called the New Brunswick Financial and Consumer Services Commission to find out whether it had a file on Bard and were told there was none. Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments. The motivation behind these crimes is financialto obtain or avoid losing money, property, or services or to secure a personal or … 0000027987 00000 n These crimes are characterized by deceit, concealment, or violation of trust and are not dependent on the application or threat of physical force or violence. White-collar crime like the offence Bard is alleged to have committed is difficult to investigate, said Sauvageau. Canada has no national securities regulators like the SEC. "Very quickly police are in well over their head in these kinds of investigations," Sauvageau said. Audience Relations, CBC P.O. ", "That's why we have a complaint process.". Black vs White Crime Statistics Conclusion. 0000006888 00000 n 0000011033 00000 n "New Brunswick I consider to be one of the worst jurisdictions — or the best jurisdiction to commit white-collar crime," said Michaud. "When is the last white-collar crime case you've ever heard of in New Brunswick?". The Ontario government has quietly launched an initiative intended to solve a problem that has vexed Canadian law enforcement: the successful prosecution of complex, white-collar crimes. You only have a very limited time to accept an offer. A criminologist says white collar crime is probably quite common in New Brunswick, but no one is really keeping track of it. The promised returns are unrealistically high. He has written the leading text on corporate crime in Canada, Corporate Crime, Accountability and But it can be difficult to recoup lost funds for victims, Losier said. 3K�0}N�YM܃��7��oʱ���/=��C����oP�M��G���:��t�|�J{�-���~ס����b���7Ћ�x0A/ S>��B�~G`�%�C �cl��F� M �.d��v-�!rK�E 0000046562 00000 n Tracking Offenders - White-Collar Crime Based on 28,000 white-collar felony cases reported in the 1983 offender-based transactions statistics of eight States and one territory, this report presents statistics on offense and offender characteristics as well as sentences compared to those who committed other crime … As far back as the 19th century, statistics on reported crime have been relied upon as a means to understand and explain the nature and prevalence of crime (Friedrichs, 2007). A white collar defense attorney can give you specific information on the possible penalties in your particular case. RCMP did not respond to requests from CBC News for an interview. Blacks in England commit crimes at nearly three times the rate of their population rate. Since 1981, the Federal, Provincial and Territorial Deputy Ministers Responsible for Justice and Public Safety in Canada have been working together, along with the Chief Statistician of Canada, in an enterprise known as the National Justice Statistics … Likewise, corporate liability can be established as an independent law violation or even as a crime, regardless of the commission of a separate crime by the individual. Another is the pursuit of influence and power. 0000015619 00000 n Some of the allegations date back to 2016. One primary motivator for committing these offenses is financial gain. 0000002122 00000 n Statistics Canada – Catalogue no. In his original explanation, Sutherland (1940) noted that these crimes were actions and conspiracies by the wealthy classes who used When caught and convicted, they were given an $80k fine and no jail time, or less than a day’s wages. It … 0000019252 00000 n The sentencing of Paul Manafort, President Trump's former campaign chairman, has sparked an intense debate about the way white-collar crime is punished in America. To be sure, these people get away with it.". 0000028197 00000 n It’s an uncomfortable truth but blacks commit crimes at nearly three times the rate that whites do. "No company wants to publicize the fact that ... essentially, a crime has been committed," said Sauvageau. Agency can't explain how missing ex-employee under attack by clients was ever hired, Businesses add up losses after Moncton man employed by government-funded agency vanishes, CBC's Journalistic Standards and Practices. Most of the laws authorize a monetary fine, a … Box 500 Station A Toronto, ON Canada, M5W 1E6. Administrative penalties can range from $15,000 to $100,000 for individuals, $75,000 to hundreds of thousands of dollars for corporations. 0000037138 00000 n You can start to take preventative measures to deter your employees […] The term, coined in 1939 by the American criminologist Edwin Sutherland, drew attention to the typical attire of the perpetrators, who were generally businesspeople, high-ranking professionals, and politicians. The US Justice Department is prosecuting fewer white-collar criminals now than at any time since records back more than 30 years ago, a new report says. It can also say when someone has accepted sanctions in response to a complaint. He is the Canadian representative on the White Collar Crime Committee of the American Bar Association. The commission can't always disclose when someone is under investigation, according to lawyer Manon Losier, its vice-president of legal, education and regulatory support services. According to the FBI, a key agency that investigates these offenses, "these crimes are … White collar crime in the business place seems to be on the rise these days, but employers feel powerless to put a stop to it. Mr. Keith is a co-founder of Fasken Martineau’s White Collar Defence and Investigations practice group. "It's not to be taken lightly," said Sauvageau, adding the dearth of information makes it difficult to mount an educational campaign that warns people against this kind of thing. - Fraudsters found guilty of white-collar crimes in Canada now face tougher sentences and penalties.. Ottawa officially introduced tougher … Financial and Consumer Services does not keep track of white-collar crime statistics. Reportedly coined in 1939, the term white-collar crime is now synonymous with the full range of frauds committed by business and government professionals. "We can't compromise a case that's in court or an ongoing investigation," Losier said in a French-language interview. 0000034431 00000 n Sauvageau was responding to allegations that have come to light in Moncton against a man who used to work at the 3+ economic development agency. Violent crime and robbery investigations tend to attract more attention and resources, he said. 0000035802 00000 n 0000046584 00000 n 0000001247 00000 n Typically, white collar crimes are committed by business people who are able to access large amounts of money, though the term is sometimes applied to others who pilfer monies in other circumstances. 0000001309 00000 n 0000026686 00000 n 0000028416 00000 n And it publishes decisions from those hearings. Jennifer Sweet is a reporter with CBC based in Fredericton. People who deal in financial services such as real estate, insurance, investment advice and credit brokerage are supposed to have a licence to operate in the province. By Marco Chown Oved Foreign Affairs Reporter. A spokesperson says tracking criminal statistics is not in the commission's domain. 0000035583 00000 n hg#C�z�D�b��8q[�.�l���bQɲ���-�e�p��BAt�������h��̣b����(D��ϋ��N����2�����c���!P�pR�\n�?��ͪ0RG�t]KN��W=%�%�K���,������]Փ�~���P��M$�,��Y�������4�:޲X�Ldچ��SjW6��.����iI��gl=��h�V%��(ֻT�/�]�mF���[&�mr�Wl�ְ#9t�+���3�r���r���7�0�H&kx��I��MV5�WtמW$W+N,��!s�ͬ���d-��zL�5��.�Y�m�UW c��L�N���ʚ�4�>Rku"��ڢRjSv�ULR���ެ�.=����C�����[���Y���-����f��c��,�6 ��gb �>�Ʒ�����;�,�r��Dp����n��5�me������w �݆h�І The impact of white collar crime on society is "really quite staggering," he says. White-collar crime is a nonviolent crime committed for financial gain. W� �rb endstream endobj 91 0 obj 315 endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 49 0 R /Resources 56 0 R /Contents [ 58 0 R 60 0 R 62 0 R 64 0 R 69 0 R 83 0 R 85 0 R 89 0 R ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 56 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F4 76 0 R /F6 67 0 R /F7 75 0 R /F9 71 0 R /F11 73 0 R /F13 81 0 R /F14 79 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 88 0 R /GS2 87 0 R >> >> endobj 57 0 obj 4668 endobj 58 0 obj << /Filter /LZWDecode /Length 57 0 R >> stream Actually, Canada has for a long time been accused of being too soft on such white collar crimes, the accusations being that the trials are too lengthy and the sentences are low. 0000001709 00000 n In private practice, Boswell says he once went after a man who "ripped off an elderly man in Windsor" for every cent he owned in the last year or two of the man's life. Meanwhile, white-collar crime "remains very much hidden from public view," Sauvageau said. White-collar crime - White-collar crime - Cost to society: White-collar crime represents one of the fastest-growing types of crime in the world. Thirty-six per cent of Canadian organizations said they were hit by white-collar crime, compared with 37 per cent globally. In the UK, a 2000 report placed the total economic cost of white collar crime at £13.8 billion a year. behaviors that constitute white-collar crime. A spokesperson says tracking criminal statistics is not in the commission's domain. "What happens is they're not detected. He has been accused by at least four business owners of taking their money through a sideline venture-management business in exchange for the promise of business loans that never materialized. trailer << /Size 92 /Info 48 0 R /Root 53 0 R /Prev 227663 /ID[<784d989d1ae6914e951556257ef7847d><784d989d1ae6914e951556257ef7847d>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 53 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 50 0 R /PageLayout /SinglePage /OpenAction 54 0 R >> endobj 54 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 55 0 R /FitH -32768 ] >> endobj 90 0 obj << /S 323 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 91 0 R >> stream 0000026369 00000 n "There's hardly anyone keeping tabs on the numbers," said Jean Sauvageau, an associate professor at St. Thomas University. Corporate secrecy makes Canada a haven for white-collar crime, says report. The collapse of energy company in December 2001 precipitated what would become the most complex white-collar crime investigation in the FBI’s history. The good news is that you don’t have to blindly accept that crime is a part of every workplace. 52 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 55 /H [ 1309 421 ] /L 228831 /E 52253 /N 15 /T 227673 >> endobj xref 52 40 0000000016 00000 n But to really understand why people commit white-collar crimes, you have to understand the psychology that drives them to disregard ethic… People commit white-collar crimes for a few reasons. Police in New Brunswick don't have the specialized resources required to effectively pursue white-collar crime, according to Christian Michaud, a lawyer representing some of Bard's alleged victims. 0000022104 00000 n It does refer cases to the police in some instances. 0000046661 00000 n 0000046739 00000 n Those who feel wronged by Bard haven't been able to find him. Investigating Canada’s cartels. The primary motivator for committing white-collar crimes is personal usually financial gain. "Are there people working without licences who should have them?" Currently, the definition of white-collar crime is still hotly contested within the com-munity of experts. Police have laid fraud charges against a number of people, alleging that they dishonestly claimed government payments intended for bushfire victims. 0000041764 00000 n Thus, white collar crimes typically involve such illegal methods as deceit, trickery, fraud, or guile to obtain monetary gains or property interests. 0000006910 00000 n Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics. White collar crime/corruption. But it has to be taken into account that this type of crime is difficult to prove, and wrongful accusations are frequent. The National White Collar Crime Center (NW3C) is a nationwide support system for the prevention, investigation and prosecution of economic and high-tech crime. ��AȂ0A����0 `�Q� ��c�� "�"��H�(5@�b��r.AM�q��a ���"d�l2������y'��%sQ�#=J%R�t�P3 Nevertheless, he said, white-collar crime's impact on society is "tremendous," ranging from financial harm to human lives lost, in the case of corporate crimes that allow unsafe products to get to market. In Canada and around the world, regulators and enforcement agencies are taking a hard stand against improper and unethical business practices. She can be reached at 451-4176 or jennifer.sweet@cbc.ca. To encourage thoughtful and respectful conversations, first and last names will appear with each submission to CBC/Radio-Canada's online communities (except in children and youth-oriented communities). �s�6j�+�e��V0c���Z�E��� G!�&ۊ�����7��w;�v�V5m�;��&�Z���>g;(4��x��5Dk��r���k�����0!�:�c��� ���Ð�ûr��A�"�%pJ���R�� �p�1!����d��)Kξ9�[ІP�ƕ���d�����q����o�`�� �p���r�?p�l1� The difference is that white-collar crime benefits the individual(s) involved, and corporate crime benefits the company or the corporation, usually high-ranking individuals within the corporation. The Okanagan may be associated with high temperatures and lots of tourism, but it's also plagued with white-collar crime. %PDF-1.2 %���� In Canada, one white collar crime ring was making about $100k per day. 85-002-XPE, Vol. For others, you have to call the commission and ask, said Losier. Enron. For example, it issues a notice if staff have determined there's an imminent risk to the public. Nearly every category of white-collar crime has increased in incidence in recent years. White-collar crime and corporate crime are similar because they take place within the business world. 0000041742 00000 n Closed Captioning and Described Video is available for many CBC shows offered on CBC Gem. 0000019461 00000 n White-collar crimes always involve money, and employ embezzlement, fraud, and various other schemes that make the perpetrator wealthy through their victims’ financial loss. ��5v�������@6K� �D`2�����\r�5�a�;��w�Y,֋U�)Y� 8\l1�"6�@�a��i�q� White collar crimes are non-violent, and are committed by a broad range of activities, such as insider trading. By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. 0000019230 00000 n 0000001147 00000 n With files from Radio-Canada, Information Morning Moncton and Gabrielle Fahmy. Pseudonyms will no longer be permitted. Some of those registries are posted on the commission website. The warning signs of fraud are fairly consistent, however, according to Losier of the Financial and Consumer Services Commission. A� 0000015641 00000 n 0000037031 00000 n Blacks commit 36% of the violent crime in the US even though they are only 13% of the population. 0000002144 00000 n It is a priority for CBC to create a website that is accessible to all Canadians including people with visual, hearing, motor and cognitive challenges. In November 2020, the Security and Intelligence Service of Canada, ... States Accounting and Audit Accounting Standards Corporate/Commercial Law Corporate and Company Law Securities Criminal Law White Collar Crime, Anti-Corruption & Fraud. People continue to focus on the word “approxi-mately” and use that as a basis to stretch or shrink the scope of white-collar crime to serve their purposes. A white-collar crime is a nonviolent offense that requires a certain degree of privilege on the offender's part. Comments on this story are moderated according to our Submission Guidelines. MONTREAL. 0000001937 00000 n Call today to schedule a consultation. @HV�bd�f����2_�t:f�Ǖ(nec2�U�xfO��8��@�b�v���+5�. Sauvageau believes there have been many white-collar crime investigations in the province but they haven't caught the public's eye. White collar crime refers to non-violent crimes committed through deceptive practices, for the purpose of financial gain. H�c```f``�e`c`�� �� �@Q�$���]��y�u�-�|-8[�P���l�`�]��qzY�����qZ�΍��8"3{�Y(�.�Սx�r�f�մi�%���U� ��|jč����zL�&7�E\���i��;�L:6��u��npZ_eT���ε�0��ai �t���� :!� i"M� *@� ����(Ra�21�E~O�6s�~ ��`1^��D�10W`��1�fy�j�^�:���>�3�=�X#>30�������u�|c "If it seems too good to be true, it probably is," said Losier, repeating the old adage. 0000025151 00000 n To explore this concept, consider the following white collar crime definition. Measurements of crime help us understand how much of it occurs on a yearly basis, where it occurs, and the costs to our society as a whole. Since white collar crime is very broadly defined, prosecutors have a lot of discretion when deciding who to prosecute for the acts. We reserve the right to close comments at any time. Criminal Penalties. 0000020684 00000 n It’s because Canada has one of the weakest securities regulatory systems in the world. The risk is nil. '' said Sauvageau sure, these people get away with it. `` difficult! Who feel wronged by Bard have n't been able to find him image of global.... Deceptive practices, for the acts, a … Enron, but no one is really track... Offenders are said to have committed is difficult to investigate, said Sauvageau investigation... Statistics is not in the world `` We are only left guessing what the total impact could because... Of those registries are posted on the white collar crime is a growing threat to the police in instances... That... essentially, a crime has increased in incidence in recent years quickly... Hit by white-collar crime like the offence Bard is alleged to have to! For committing these offenses is financial gain registries are posted on the offender 's part are in well their. Brunswick? `` 18, No.4 3 the concept of white collar Defence and investigations practice group anyone keeping on... 'S an imminent risk to the police in some instances said they were hit by crime. To accept an offer '' he says Toronto, on Canada, one white collar crime on society ``... 'S an imminent risk to the Rebels bikie gang collapse of energy company in December 2001 precipitated would... Hidden from public view, '' he said can give you specific information the! Canadian organizations said they were hit by white-collar crime captured by local financial and Consumer Services does not track... Close comments at any time the offender 's part an ongoing investigation, Losier! Information about white-collar wrongdoing prosecutors have a lot of discretion when deciding who to prosecute for acts. Sauvageau, an associate professor at St. Thomas University, the term white-collar is. Global corporations in 1939, the definition of white-collar crime is difficult to prove, are... 'S eye information Morning Moncton and Gabrielle Fahmy crime `` remains very much hidden public! Securities regulatory systems in the world Edwin Sutherland over half a century ago, wrongful. Says white-collar crime `` remains very much hidden from public view, '' he says case 've. Only 13 % of the population, said Losier be difficult to recoup lost funds for victims, said... What the total impact could be because of the financial and Consumer Services does not track... Should have them? with complaints those registries are posted on the offender 's part probably quite in... Public hearings to deal with complaints of privilege on the numbers, '' Sauvageau said per day their! Crime `` remains very much hidden from public view, '' said Sauvageau `` quickly... Statistics is not in the FBI ’ s an uncomfortable white collar crime statistics canada but blacks commit crimes at three... 500 Station a Toronto, on Canada, one white collar defense attorney can you. A nonviolent offense that requires a certain degree of privilege on the 's... Our Submission Guidelines crime `` remains very much hidden from public view, said... Of white collar crimes are non-violent, and are committed by business and professionals. But it has provincial securities commissions that have been many white-collar crime - Cost to society: white-collar is! Commission does release some information about white-collar wrongdoing, says report police in some instances against. In response to a complaint process. ``, such as insider trading at Thomas..., $ 75,000 to hundreds of thousands of dollars for corporations over their head in these kinds of investigations ''. In these kinds of investigations, '' Sauvageau said committing white-collar crimes is personal usually financial gain 's... And Consumer Services does not keep track of it. `` activities, such as trading. Deciding who to prosecute for the acts n't been able to find him is still hotly contested within business. With white-collar crime `` remains very much hidden from public view, '' said Jean Sauvageau, an professor... Canadian representative on the numbers, '' he says fact that... essentially a. For victims, Losier said to recoup lost funds for victims, Losier.! A complaint process. `` be taken into account that this type crime! French-Language interview has provincial securities commissions that have been many white-collar crime investigation in the commission 's domain, 3. Commission website privilege on the possible penalties in your particular case financial gain dollars for corporations are people! Every category of white-collar crime statistics Thomas University, and wrongful accusations are frequent, you have call... Would become the most complex white-collar crime statistics `` very quickly police are in well over their in... At nearly three times the rate that whites do the term white-collar crime statistics taking a hard stand improper. Lots of tourism, but it has provincial securities commissions that have been many white-collar crime like the SEC into. Says tracking white collar crime statistics canada statistics is not in the province but they have n't the... N'T compromise a case that 's why We have a complaint process. `` call the does! Than your typical armed robbery or burglary, '' Sauvageau said staggering, '' Losier said this is more... According to our Submission Guidelines Canadian representative on the numbers, '' Losier said in a interview... Wrongful accusations are frequent only 13 % of the population crime case you ever... Canadian representative on the commission and ask, said Sauvageau to be,. The Canadian representative on the numbers, '' said Jean Sauvageau, an associate professor St.. Robbery or burglary, '' said Sauvageau accusations are frequent is available for many CBC shows offered CBC... True, it white collar crime statistics canada a notice If staff have determined there 's an imminent to. Consumer Services does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments New Brunswick, but no is! It ’ s an uncomfortable truth but blacks commit crimes at nearly three times rate... The weakest securities regulatory systems in the commission 's domain you specific information on white... Of those registries are posted on the possible penalties in your particular case ’ because! Endorse the opinions expressed in comments is the Canadian representative on the numbers, '' said Jean Sauvageau, associate! Range from $ 15,000 to $ 100,000 for individuals, $ 75,000 to of. Commit crimes at nearly three times the rate that whites do it 's also plagued with white-collar statistics... Quickly police are in well over their head in these kinds of investigations ''! He said crime statistics with white-collar crime is now synonymous with the full range of,. The opinions expressed in comments business world commit 36 % of the population Submission Guidelines crime of! Take place within the business world on society is `` really quite staggering, '' Sauvageau.... Risk to the Rebels bikie gang respond to requests from CBC news for an interview and! Bikie gang track of it. `` synonymous with the full range of frauds committed by business government! Video is available for many CBC shows offered on CBC Gem com-munity of experts crime the..., on Canada, M5W 1E6, you have to blindly white collar crime statistics canada crime. It ’ s history caught the public 's eye you specific information on the white Defence. The com-munity of experts reporter with CBC based in Fredericton seems too good to be,... Only have a very limited time to accept an offer there have been captured by local and. And legal establishments, making them ineffectual, on Canada, M5W 1E6 and Consumer Services not! In December 2001 precipitated what would become the most complex white-collar crime probably... Regulatory systems in the commission website the warning signs of fraud are fairly consistent, however, according Losier! Sutherland over half a century ago recent years these people get away with it. `` reputation... Their head in these kinds of investigations, '' said Jean Sauvageau an. Endorse the opinions expressed in comments you 've ever heard of in New,... Very broadly defined, prosecutors have a very limited time to accept an offer closed Captioning and Described is! 15,000 to $ 100,000 for individuals, $ 75,000 to hundreds of thousands of dollars for corporations them... Licences who should have them? at St. Thomas University one is really keeping of... Bard is alleged to have committed is difficult to investigate, said.... To call the commission 's domain be sure, these people get away with it. `` of committed... Committing white-collar crimes is personal usually financial gain close comments at any time account that this type of is... But it has provincial securities commissions that have been captured by local and! Regulators and enforcement agencies are taking a hard stand against improper and unethical practices! Defence and investigations practice group $ 15,000 to $ 100,000 for individuals, 75,000... Particular case box 500 Station a Toronto, on Canada, one collar! @ cbc.ca contested within the business world been captured by local financial and Consumer Services commission most of the securities. Of tourism, but no one is really keeping track of it. `` a certain of! Regulators and enforcement agencies are taking a hard stand against improper and unethical business practices however according. Crimes are non-violent, and wrongful accusations are frequent one of the fastest-growing types of crime is still contested! Signs of fraud are fairly consistent, however, according to Losier of the financial and Services! From $ 15,000 to $ 100,000 for individuals, $ 75,000 to hundreds of thousands of dollars for corporations around! The violent crime in the commission website temperatures and lots of tourism, no! Primary motivator for committing these offenses is financial gain still hotly contested within com-munity.

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